Brandywine Maple - Acer rubrum 'Brandywine'
Tree Facts: The Brandywine Maple's Mature Height is 25 feet, The
tree's Mature Spread is 12 feet, Soil Type is Widely Adaptable,
Moisture requirements Widely Adaptable, Mature Form Oval, Growth
Rate is Moderate, Sun Exposure Full Sun, Fall Color, Purple, Red,
Summer Foliage Color Medium Green,
Hardiness: U.S.D.A. Zones 4 - 8
Development: 'Brandywine' resulted from a 1982 cross of Acer rubrum
'October Glory' and A. rubrum 'Autumn Flame' by A.M. Townsend as
part of a research project examining the inheritance of fall color
and leafhopper resistance, and an effort to improve existing
cultivars of red maple. Released December, 1994.
Significance: 'Brandywine' has a brilliant red-purple autumn color.
It produces only male flowers; thus, no fruit or nuisance seedlings.
It has a significant level of tolerance to potato leafhopper, better
than or comparable to many commercially available red maple
Description: Height and Width: 25 feet tall with a 12 foot crown
spread in 12 years.
Habit: Medium-sized deciduous tree with an oval crown.
Foliage: Medium green leaves average 4.5 inches long and 4.4 inches
wide. Bright, enduring fall color begins red and gradually turns
brilliant purple red over a long period, often 14 days or more.
Fall color peaks between 'Autumn Flame' and 'October Glory' in
Maryland (Zone 7).
Bark: Light grey and smooth when young, turning dark grey with age.
Flowers: Male, in early spring
Fruit: No fruit produced.
Culture: Adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions. Prefers
slightly acid, moist soils. Performed well in diverse locations from
Alabama and Georgia to Michigan and Oregon.
Landscape Use: Excellent for lawn, street, highway or park
plantings, and as a shade tree for residential sites.
Distribution: Distributed to wholesale commercial propagation
nurseries beginning in 1995.
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