The Black Maple is
also know under the names: Black Sugar Maple, Hard Maple and Rock
The Black maple tree is closely
related to the sugar maple with a similar habit related culture and
dispersion. Black maples will grow in a wide variety of soils but
prefers the moist soils of river bottom lands. The Black Maple is
most often found in mixed hardwood forest setting in nature.
Black Maple Habit: deciduous. Leaf
form: Opposite, simple 3 to 6 inches long, 3 to 5 lobed, some
times wilted-looking, large stipules may be present, with pubescence
on the underside. Flower: Yellow to green, small, clustered, hanging
from a 1 to 3 inch long stem with the leaves. Fruit: Two-winged
u-shaped samaras one inch long, in clusters, seed matures in autumn.
Black Maple twigs are brown, slender
to moderate and shiny with lighter lenticels, may be gray when
young, near the terminal buds. Buds are brown when young, plump, and
sharp pointed. Bark: dark gray-brown to black on. Older trees may be
furrowed with long, thick, irregular ridges or scaly looking bark.
Black Maple Form: Medium to tall
tree possibly to 100 feet with very dense elliptical crown.
Planting and usage:
Cast dense shade and needs large area for growth, do not plant too
close to structures.
The Black Maple grows rapidly in early life, then slowly as it
Black Maple trees have been known to live up to 200 years.
Black Maple trees when young are
often browsed by deer, and buds and seeds are eaten by birds.
The Black Maple tree is often used
for making maple syrup.
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