Black Maple

Scientific Name: Acer nigrum


The Black Maple is also know under the names: Black Sugar Maple, Hard Maple and Rock Maple.

The Black maple tree is closely related to the sugar maple with a similar habit related culture and dispersion. Black maples will grow in a wide variety of soils but prefers the moist soils of river bottom lands. The Black Maple is most often found in mixed hardwood forest setting in nature.

Black Maple Habit: deciduous. Leaf form: Opposite, simple 3 to 6 inches long, 3 to 5 lobed, some times wilted-looking, large stipules may be present, with pubescence on the underside. Flower: Yellow to green, small, clustered, hanging from a 1 to 3 inch long stem with the leaves. Fruit: Two-winged u-shaped samaras one inch long, in clusters, seed matures in autumn.

Black Maple twigs are brown, slender to moderate and shiny with lighter lenticels, may be gray when young, near the terminal buds. Buds are brown when young, plump, and sharp pointed. Bark: dark gray-brown to black on. Older trees may be furrowed with long, thick, irregular ridges or scaly looking bark.

Black Maple Form: Medium to tall tree possibly to 100 feet with very dense elliptical crown.

Planting and usage:

Cast dense shade and needs large area for growth, do not plant too close to structures.

The Black Maple grows rapidly in early life, then slowly as it matures.

Black Maple trees have been known to live up to 200 years.

Black Maple trees when young are often browsed by deer, and buds and seeds are eaten by birds.

The Black Maple tree is often used for making maple syrup.

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