The red maple tree grows in zones 3 to 9, the red maple tree is deciduous, and it loses its leaves every year in the fall then grows new leaves in the spring. The red maple tree grows at a moderate to rapid rate. The red maple tree grows best in bright sun to partial shade. The red maple tree will grow in a range of soil types from sandy loam to clay. Better soil will result in a better healthier tree.
The red maple tree is considered a medium texture tree. The red maple tree is pyramidal shape when young. The structure when young is ascending branches with an irregular rounded crown. Later when the tree matures it will attain a larger more rounded crown.
The red maple tree will grow to a size of 40 to 60 ft. The red maple tree will reach a width of 25 to 45 ft.
The red maple tree leaves are 2 to 5" opposite, simple leaf with 3 to 5 lobes; often triangular shape; variability fall color from tree to tree - yellow, yellow-green, orange to red. The variability fall color can be observed on large stands growing on hill sides. Some trees will attain bright red color while some will be more yellow or orange.
The red maple tree has small red flowers in dense clusters that occur in late winter to early spring.
Red Maple Comments:
The red maple tree naturally occurs in low wet sites. The tree has some air pollution tolerance. It is one of the first trees to show fall color. It has a wide variation due to seedlings. The red maple tree thought to be easy to transplant when young.
Red Maple Problems:
The Red Maple some times has relatively weak wood and thus can be subject to storm and ice damage. Iron chlorosis (yellowing leaves) can be a problem in soils with a high pH level. Consult local nurserymen or ag extension departments as to red maple problems common in your area.
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Red Maple Cultivars: See below